一代霸王项羽为什么会败给刘邦?可能是这几点原因

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导语:说起楚汉相争想必大家对这段历史也很熟悉了,很多人都以为在这场争战当中,项羽能够夺得天下,但没想到最后却被一个没什么实力的刘邦夺得天下。西楚霸王败在了刘邦的手里,很多人都好奇项羽有这么强大的实力,为什么会败给刘邦呢?小编就为此总结出项败给刘的几大原因,我们一起来看看吧。

其一,民心所向。我们都知道一个国家最重要的就是人民,如果人民对国家忠心,那么国家就可以走上繁荣强盛。如果农民暴乱,整个国家就会因为农民的暴乱而灭亡。同理如果两人同争天下,那么得到民心的那个人将会得到天下。我们都知道刘邦以草根出身,处于社会的最底层,所以对于老百姓的生活也非常了解。他在起义之后约束自己的士兵,不要做出伤害老百姓的事情。并且每次他取得城池后,都会告诉老百姓,我是来保护你们的,绝对不会侵占你们的私人物品,所以你们不用慌乱,也正是刘邦这样做,老百姓都支持他。

随着起义的推进,刘邦在占领的城池里实行一些利国利民的政策,比如恢复当地的生产力,帮助老百姓耕作等,这些都得到了老百姓的支持和认可。我们反观项羽,会发现每次项羽在攻下城池之后会进行屠城,因此在老百姓的心里会觉得项羽是一个屠夫,既然他是屠夫,老百姓又怎么会支持他呢?所以天下的民心都是向着刘邦的,而不是项羽,小编觉得这也是项羽失败的根本原因。

二,人才。我们都知道刘邦手底下有很多能人强将,比如韩信,张良,陈平等人,而这些人原本都是跟随项羽的,之后都跟随了刘邦。正是因为刘邦重用贤才,他知道自己没什么才能,他要拉拢这些贤才辅佐自己。曾经他说过自己没什么能力,但他可以将手底下的能人义士充分发挥出他们的才能。而刘邦正是因为重用贤才,所以很多有志之士都前来投奔他,这也是为何刘邦在起义的过程中势力越来越大,取得最终的胜利。

我们反观项羽,项羽出生西楚贵族,从小受着世家大族的影响,非常在乎自己的面子,当然他也很有实力,不过他觉得自己实力超强,不需要别人的帮助,对于手底下那些能人异士,他也不重视,觉得自己就可以打下天下。所以他在和刘邦对战时,每次都是孤身一人,而正是他这种不重视贤才,原本跟随他的那些能人异士都跑到了刘邦阵营中,以至于他最后落得自刎乌江的悲惨结局。

其三,在军中角色。我们都知道项羽非常有能力,但作战时他总是自己带兵杀敌,而不是让手底下的能兵强将做先锋军,自己在背后指点江山,以至于他在整个交战过程中都担任着将军这一角色。我们再反观刘邦,刘邦没什么带兵打仗的能力,但他却能将手底下的能兵强将都发挥出他们应有的才能,让他们在前方为自己浴血奋战。自己只需要做一个管理者,指点江山就可以了。

其四,听取建议。在两个人对抗的过程中,项羽面对谏言置之不理。就比如项羽在推翻秦朝后,手底下的将士建议先去关中建立都城,但项羽功高自大,觉得自己不用去关中建立都城也可以让天下人服从。从这里我们可以看出项羽面对谏言时,置之不理。再反观刘邦,我们都知道刘邦有些好色,每次攻打下一座城之后都会贪图享乐,就像他进入咸阳后直接奔向秦始皇的后宫,在里面贪图享乐。后来还是张良劝谏他先稳定军心,不要贪图享乐,否则会对自己建立汉朝不利。这时刘邦就听从了张良的建议,忍住了自己的欲望。以上来看我们发现项羽和刘邦面对谏言时,态度截然相反,想必这也是两个人有不同结局的原因。

根据以上几点来看,项羽之所以会败给刘邦,最重要的是他失去民心,刘邦夺得民心。并且在打仗时不能只有匹夫之勇,还要有智谋,要有一个管理天下人的思想。就比如刘邦,他虽然没有什么才能,但他能够运用手底下的能人异士为自己服务,想必这也是他夺得天下的重要原因。项羽虽然很有才能,但他自以为是,觉得以一人之力就可以夺得天下,所以他能败给刘邦也不足为奇。以上纯属小编,个人观点也有不同观点者欢迎在下方留言。喜欢小编的就关注小编吧,小编每天会更新一篇历史相关的文章。

一代霸王项羽为什么会败给刘邦?可能是这几点原因相关图片:

一代霸王项羽为什么会败给刘邦?可能是这几点原因英文翻译:

Guide language: Speak of Chu Hanxiang to contend for most propbably everybody also was familiar with this paragraph of history very much, a lot of people think to contend for battle in this in the center, xiang Yu can carry off the world, but did not think of to be carried off by the Liu Bang of actual strength of an it doesn't matter however finally the world. Hunan Xiang Yu the Conqueror is defeated on the west was in in Liu Bang's hand, curious Xiang Yu has a lot of people so powerful actual strength, why can you defeat Liu Bang? Small write a few big reasons that defeat Liu for this summary item of expenditure, we look together.

One of, Place of common feelings of people to. What we know a country is the most important is people, if people is right national devotion, so the country can be on prosperity powerful and prosperous. If the farmer is tempestuous, whole country is met ruined because of the commotion of the farmer. If two people contend for the world together,manage together, so that individual that gets common feelings of people will get the world. We know Liu Bang with careless root one's previous experience, those who be in a society is the most rock-bottom, also understand very much to the life of common people so. He restrains his soldier after uprise, do not make the issue that hurts common people. And every time after he obtains city, can tell common people, I will protect you, absolutely won't your illicit character tastes embezzlement, so you need not flurried, also be Liu Bang is done so, common people supports him.

As the propulsion of uprise, liu Bang executes country of a few benefit in occupational city the policy of benefit civilian, restore local productivity for instance, cultivation of help common people, these support that got common people and approbate. We watch Xiang Yu instead, can discover every time Xiang Yu is in capture Tu Cheng can undertake after city, because the meeting in this heart in common people feels Xiang Yu is a butcher, since he is butcher, how can common people support him again? So the common feelings of people of the world sides with Liu Bang, is not Xiang Yu, small make up the prime cause that feels this also is Xiang Yu failure.

2, Talent. We know to there are a lot of able people below Liu state hand strong will, for instance Han is believed, zhang Liang, the person such as Chen Ping, and these people are to follow originally of Xiang Yu, liu Bang followed later. Because,be Liu country put sb in a very important position virtuous ability, he knows ability of him it doesn't matter, he wants draw sb over to one's side these virtuous ability him assist a ruler in governing a country. Once he has said ability of him it doesn't matter, but the ability that he can charge the able person a righteous person below the hand minute of play to give them. And because weigh,Liu Bangzheng is with virtuous ability, so a lot of a person with lofty ideals come round go to somewhere for shelter he, this also is why Liu Bang is in the process of uprise power is greater and greater, gain final victory.

We watch Xiang Yu instead, xiang Yu is born Xi Chugui a group of things with common features, getting old and well-known family as a child big a group of things with common features influence, special the face that cares about oneself, of course he also has actual strength very much, nevertheless he becomes aware exceed from personal actual strength is strong, do not need the help of others, to the hand next those able person different person, he also ignored, feel oneself can make next the world. So he is opposite with Liu Bang war, it is alone every time, is him this kind of ignored virtuous ability, follow originally those his able person different person runs in Liu Bangzhen battalion, so that he gets the miserable final result of river of black of cut one's throat finally.

Thirdly, Be in army in part. We know Xiang Yu is very capable, but when fighting, he himself always leads troops fight the enemy, is not to invite a hand next can arms is strong spearhead army, him rearward shows state power, so that he is in whole be at war there is a general in the process this one part. We watch Liu Bang instead again, liu state that's all right leads troops the ability that fight, but he however can the hand next can arms is strong will develop their due ability, let their forwardly fight bravely for him bathed in blood. Oneself need to become a governor only, it is OK to show state power.

Its 4, Listen to a proposal. In two individual opposed processes, xiang Yu faces expostulation ignore. for instance Xiang Yu is in after overthrowing Qin Chao, the proposal of officers and soldiers below the hand goes first the central Shaanxi plain builds capital, but Xiang Yu work is expensive proud, feel oneself need not go the central Shaanxi plain builds capital to also can make the world person obedient. From here when we can see Xiang Yu face expostulation, ignore. Watch Liu Bang instead again, we know Liu Bang is a little randy, assault every time after a city metropolis covet enjoyment, the palace after entering what run quickly to Qin Shi emperor directly after Xian Yang like him, inside covet enjoyment. Later still is Zhang Liang persuades expostulate with he stabilizes soldier's morale first, do not want covet have a life of pleasure, can build Han Chao to oneself otherwise adverse. At this moment Liu Bang complied with Zhang Liang's proposal, kept back oneself desire. When we discover Xiang Yu and Liu state face expostulation in light of above, manner polarity, most propbably this also is the reason that two people have different final result.

When look according to above, xiang Yu can defeat Liu Bang, the most important is he loses common feelings of people, liu Bang carries off common feelings of people. And there cannot be reckless courage only when fight, have resourcefulness even, want to have the idea of person of the world of a management. for instance Liu Bang, although he does not have what ability, but he can use the able person below the hand different person serves for oneself, most propbably this also is he carries off the main reason of the world. Although Xiang Yu has ability very much, but he is self-righteous, feel the force with one person can carry off the world, so he can defeat Liu Bang no wonder also. Above is pure belong to small make up, the person that individual viewpoint also has different point of view welcomes to leave a message beneath. Like small make up pay close attention to small make up, small make up can update the article related a history everyday.

相关标签: 项羽刘邦手底下
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